When we visit Kraton, we should not miss The Water Castle or known as Tamansari, less than 1 Km west of Kraton. Just west of the Kraton, there are the ruins, pools, arches and underground passages of the former pleasure gardens. It was built in 1758 by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I as a rest house and pleasure park for the Royal family. Tamansari means beautiful garden. It was badly damaged due to an earthquake in 1867. Some parts of it, for instance “Umbul Binangun” bathing pools have been restored.
Upon seeing the ruins of Taman Sari, some cultural experts say that it has multi purposed functions, such as:
1. A Rest house, in the form of water castle with beautiful park. The air is fresh due to:
Artificial lakes and canals
Large gardens with several kind of varieties of trees
2. A place for sport and entertainment
Boating and swimming
Classical dance Bedoyo and Srimpi
3. A place for meditation
4. An important palace and shelter for the Sultan. It was well protected. It had 2 Bastions
with 12 and 6 Cannons.
The Castle divided into two (2) complexes. They are:
1. Umbul Binangun – swimming pool complex
It is the swimming pool where only the Sultans women can frolic. In this complex only woman employees serve the Sultan. Theres also a three story tower, with Sultan private bedroom stands south of the swimming pool and The Sultans private bath-pool is behind the tower. Somewhere in the south part of the palace, there is a special place, believed to be Sultans meeting place, from time to time with the Goddess of the South Sea, Kanjeng Ratu Kidul.
2. Pulo Kenongo – Complex
Pulo Kenongo, the Palace of Kenongo Island was found in the middle of Segaran Taman Sari. (Taman Sari artificial lake, which was connected by water canal to the other artificial lake nearby the kraton) Kenongo is a name of flower trees planted in the front yard, where the fragrance spread out in the palace. Just like in a palace, there were living rooms, bedrooms, rooms to make Batik, a hall to perform classical sacred dance of Bedoyo and Srimpi, gates and sentry-boxes guarded strongly by the palace soldiers.
In Yogyakarta, there are two ways to visit this place. The one is through Pasar Ngasem Bird Market, just go inside and find an alley called KP III, turn left, walk about 200 m, there is the Pulo Kenongo rest house complex. The other is through Jalan Taman Sari, from Pasar Ngasem, go by becak to South Square, around 0,5 Km turn right, there is the East-main Entrance, leads the way to the Royal Swimming pools.
- No traveler is allowed to take picture of Sultan private bedroom at Umbul Binangun – Swimming Pool Complex.
- For short distances you can take a becak (pedicab) to drive you around.
- Some drivers offer you a city-tour for almost a whole day for 10.000 Rp per person.
- Dress comfortably. Wear sneakers and a hat, the temperature in Yogyakarta is quite high. Bring along an umbrella, in case of rain.
- When visiting Kraton or Taman Sari, avoid wearing shorts or mini-skirts. Your pants or skirts should be long enough to cover your knees. This conveys the message that you understand the local customs. And the locals will also respect you more.
- Bring along a camera to capture the memorable moments. You are allowed to take pictures in this site with a minimum fee.
Source: The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy Republic Indonesia