Tourism of Indonesia
Ready to Go to Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Planning to go on a tour or travelling, we definitely want a smooth trip, comfortable accommodation, cheap hotels, good food, cheap plane tickets, close to everywhere, and can rent a motorbike or car.
In Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, there is natural beauty and unique culture of the local community. There are many uniqueness, starting from the village (desa), sub-district (kecamatan), district (kabupaten) and provincial levels.
In Indonesia, each province has different and interesting characteristics. Each province has a different and unique culture and lifestyle.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park or TNBTS is a national park located in East Java, Indonesia, to the east of Malang and Lumajang, to the south of Pasuruan and Probolinggo, and to the southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java.
It is the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sand sea, the Tengger Sand Sea (Indonesian: Laut Pasir Tengger), across which is the caldera of an ancient volcano (Tengger) from which four new volcanic cones have emerged.
This unique feature covers a total area of 5,250 hectares at an altitude of about 2,100 metres (6,900 ft). The massif also contains the highest mountain in Java, Mount Semeru (3,676 m), four lakes and 50 rivers. It is named after the Tengger Kingdom.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park has sub-montane, montane and sub-alpine ecosystem types, with big trees that are hundreds of years old.
The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers a massive area of 800 square kilometers in the center of East Java. For anyone with an interest in volcanoes, a visit to the park is a must.
This is the largest volcanic region in the province. Visit the park and see the plumes of smoke coming from Mt. Semeru, an active volcano which rises 3676 meters above sea level.
Experience the remarkable Tengger Caldera, Java’s largest, with its 10 km barren desert-like sea of sand.
Within the caldera rise the deeply fissured volcanic cones of Batok and Bromo, the latter is still active with a cavernous crater from which smoke blows skyward.
Temperatures at the top of Mount Bromo range about 5 to 18 degrees Celsius. To the south of the park is a rolling upland plateau dissected by valleys and dotted with several small scenic lakes, extending to the foot of Mount Semeru.
Among the plants that exist in the Park are jamuju (Podocarpus imbricatus), cemara gunung (Casuarina sp.), edelweiss (Anaphalis javanica), various species of orchid, and rare species of grass (Styphelia pungieus).
In addition, there are about 137 species of bird, 22 species of mammal, and four species of reptile in this Park.
Some of the endangered and protected animal species inhabiting the Park are the marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis russa).
Also long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), panther (Panthera pardus).
Also Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus) and various species of bird such as the besra sparrow hawk (Accipiter virgatus virgatus), crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela bido).
Also rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus), brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), and ducks that live on the Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo and Ranu Kombolo Lakes.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia that has a sand ‘sea’. This unique feature covers a total area of 5,250 hectares at an altitude of about 2,100 m asl.
Beneath the sand sea, seven eruption centres have been found along two intersecting lines, one from east to west and the other from northeast to southwest.
From this northeast-southwest line emerged Mt. Bromo, an active volcano which intermittently emits smoke and ash, and is an ever-present threat to the lives of some 3,500 people living below.
The crater of Mt. Bromo has a diameter of about 800 metres from north to south and 600 metres from east to west. Most of the area within a radius of 4 km from the crater centre is considered hazardous.
The Tenggerese people that live around the Park are indigenous to the area and adhere to ancient Hindu beliefs.
According to legend, the ancestors of the tribe were members of the Majapahit kingdom who went into exile. Strangely, despite being aware of the potential dangers of Mt. Bromo, the local people seem unafraid.
The same goes for the visitors who come to the Park in great numbers, particularly around the time of the “Upacara Kasodo”.
The Upacara Kasodo (Kasodo Ceremony) is held every year (December/January) at the full moon. Through this ceremony, the Tenggerese invoke the blessings of the deities to ensure an abundant harvest, to be spared from calamity and to be cured of various diseases.
To earn such blessings, they climb down the sides of the crater to catch the offerings thrown into the crater by other members of the community above.
The scramble for possession of the ‘sacrifices’ is at once a gripping, but terrifying sight: it is not uncommon for some of the participants to tumble down to the crater’s floor.
The Tengger sandy area has been protected since 1919. This is believed to be the only conservation area in Indonesia, and possibly the world which possesses a unique sand sea at the attitude of about 2000 m above sea level.
There are several mountains inside the caldera: Mount Watangan (2,661 m asl). Mount Batok (2,470 m asl), Mount Kursi (2,581 asl), Mount Watangan (2,661 m asl), and Mount Widadaren (2,650 m asl).
The government is taking good care of the preservation of nature and maintaining the condition of the forest.
The environment is also well maintained.
Visiting Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, we will witness routine community activities in unique traditional cultures. And there are special dishes and food as part of culinary tours that are delicious and yummy.
With beautiful scenery, easy access and visitor-oriented facilities, it’s no wonder that this one of the most popular reserves in Java.
Take in the spectacular view of the sun rising over volcanic peaks with an early morning trip to Mount Bromo. From the lookout point at Penanjakan you will get picture perfect shots of a spectacular vista.
Cross the desert on a pony, climb the steep stairs right up to Mount Bromo’s crater rim, then watch the sun spectacularly rise over the horizon.
Climb Mount Semeru, the highest peak in Java. This mountain, also known as the Great Mountain, is regarded by Hindus as the most sacred mountain of all.
Getting to the peak is a tough three day trek. Mount Semeru is one of the most active volcanoes on Java and regularly explodes. These gases and belching lava make Semeru dangerous, so stay well away from the vent.
Witness local culture at its best when on the fourteenth day of the month Kasada, usually in the month of November the native people of the area, the Tenggerese, gather at the rim of Mount Bromo’s active crater to present offerings of rice, fruit, vegetables, flowers, live stock and other local produce to the God of the Mountain.
The Tenggerese are adherents of a religion which combines elements of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism. In this Kasada ceremony the Tenggerese ask for blessing from the supreme God, Sang Hyang Widi Wasa.
There are many activities in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park:
- Cemorolawang: one of entrance gates through which visitors pass to see the expanse of the sand sea and Bromo’s crater from a distance; camping is possible here.
- Tengger Sand Sea and Mt. Bromo: horse riding; climbing up concrete steps to the rim of Mt. Bromo’s crater, and witnessing the sunrise.
- Pananjakan: viewing a magnificent panorama of Mt. Bromo, Mt. Batok, and Mt. Semeru.
- Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo and Mt. Semeru. These cool, misty lakes (” 2,200 m asl.) are a frequent stopover on the way to Mt. Semeru’s peak (3,676 m asl.).
- Ranu Darungan Lake: camping and observing animals and plants; incredible views.
- Best time of year to visit: June to October, and December to January.
In this place there are also regular events or activities held every year, both national and international.
The journey to Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is now very easy. We can enter through various modes of transportation.
Access to go to Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park:
There are multiple ways to get into the park. Visitors can come from Probolinggo, in the north west arrive through the village of Ngadisari.
Or take the north east approach via Pasuruan and the village of Tosari. The third, the more difficult approach is via Ngadas, which is best travelled on the way down.
The Probolinggo approach is the easiest and by far the most popular route, especially if travelling by public bus.
Wonokitri is the closest and the easiest approach if you are coming by private vehicle from Surabaya (5 hours journey). To get closer to Mount Bromo you must rent 4×4 vehicles (there are many 4×4 vehicles available for rent there).
Most tour groups from Surabaya stay overnight at Tretes, where there are a number hotels, as there are in Malang, which has the added advantage of having an airport.
Alternatively Accesses to reach Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park:
- From Pasuruan to Warung Dowo to Tosari to Wonokitri to Mt. Bromo by car (71 km),
- or From Malang to Tumpang to Gubuk Klakah to Jemplang to Mt. Bromo by car (53 km),
- and from Jemplang to Ranu Pani to Ranu Kumbolo,
- or from Malang to Purwodadi to Nongkojajar to Tosari to Wonokitri to Penanjakan by car (83 km).
- From Malang to Ranu Pani by car for about 70 minutes and proceed on foot to Puncak Semeru (the peak of Mt. Semeru) to this takes about 13 hours.
Many visitors to the park choose to walk while they are here. There are clearly marked tracks across the sand sea that leads to the foot of Bromo. Alternatively you can rent a jeep or hire a horse from Cemoro Lawang to get around.
The condition of the infrastructure is getting better. Starting from highways, airports, trails, ports, bridges, stairs, even some places can be reached by toll roads.
We can visit by plane, car, ship, bus, motorcycle and bicycle. At some point, we can take the train. We can also walk freely.
In Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, as technology getting better. We can easily find locations for mini markets, shops (warung kedai), Money Changer, ATMs, Bank BRI BCA BNI Mandiri, BTPN Bank Nagari BJB, supermarkets, and restaurants. So we will not starve or lack the necessary items.
Suggestion Before Visiting Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park:
- Necessities for the trip include a torch, warm clothing, comfortable trekking shoes, and glove as a protection against the freezing temperature which hovers between zero to five degrees Celsius (33 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit)
- If you buy or rent something remember to bargain.Sunrise occurs between 5.00 and 6.00 am (if it’s not cloudy), so you should leave from your hotel or guesthouse by 3am.
- The best time to see the sunrise is in the dry season from April to October.
- Before you start trekking or climbing, be sure that you have already eaten, or bring some food and drink with you.
- Temperature: 3° – 20° C
- Rainfall: 6,600 mm/year (on average)
- Altitude: 75 – 3,676 m asl.
- Geographical location: 112°47′ – 113°10′ E; 7°51′ – 8°11′ S
If you are sick and need help, you can also visit clinics, drugstore pharmacies (apotek), practice doctors, hospitals, and health centers (puskesmas).
In this place we can also look for places of worship such as mosques, churches, and others.
Finding place to stay in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is very easy. We can stay at home stays, hotels, inns, hostels and other places.
To get lodging at a cheap and definitely comfortable price, please see below:
Experience and Reviews
There are already many visitors have visited Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, there are many interesting stories that are told. Like feeling satisfied, happy, wanting to come again, sleep well, and almost no one is disappointed or complains to come here.
So, visitors will find out on how to find the best hotels, where is exactly located, why it is amazing, how much is the fare and rate, who are the people, whom to ask, and when is the best time to visit.
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That’s all the information we provided, hopefully useful.