Visiting Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, The Home of Sumatran Tigers

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Tourism of Indonesia

Ready to Go to Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers

Planning to go on a tour or travelling, we definitely want a smooth trip, comfortable accommodation, cheap hotels, good food, cheap plane tickets, close to everywhere, and can rent a motorbike or car.


In Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers, there is natural beauty and unique culture of the local community. There are many uniqueness, starting from the village (desa), sub-district (kecamatan), district (kabupaten) and provincial levels.

In Indonesia, each province has different and interesting characteristics. Each province has a different and unique culture and lifestyle.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park that is intended to protect the tropical rain forests of the island of Sumatra and its rich natural resources.

UNESCO makes the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park a World Heritage. Bukit Barisan Selatan was declared a Wildlife Reserve in 1935 and became a National Park in 1982. Initially the size of the park was 356,800 hectares. But the current park area calculated using GIS is approximately 324,000 Ha.

Location of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park:

  • In Lampung Province:Tanggamus Regency, West Lampung Regency
  • In Bengkulu Province: South Bengkulu Regency

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (BBSNP) or (the South Bukit Barisan National Park) – spans over three of Sumatra’s provinces. They are: Lampung, South Sumatra and Bengkulu.

Along with Mount Leuser and Kerinci Seblat, the combined national parks make up the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List, which runs along the entire western spine of the island.

The main objective of the national park is to protect the existence of Sumatra’s tropical rainforests along with all their biodiversity. Sumatran Elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) are among some of the rare and exotic fauna found in the area.

Starting as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1935, the area became a National Park in 1982. Initially, South Bukit Barisan Park covered a total area of 356,800 hectares, but recent measurements using GIS recorded that the latest total area is in fact 324,000 hectares.

The park is located at the southwestly end of Sumatra.  Seventy percent of the park lies within the administrative areas of West Lampung and Tanggamus in the Lampung Province, while 74,822 hectares (about 23%) is located within the boundaries of Kaur district, in the province of Bengkulu. While the remainder of the park lies within the province of South Sumatra.

The South Bukit Barisan Park is included in the Global 200 Ecoregions, WWF’s ranking of the Earth’s most biologically outstanding terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats.

The park is also highlighted as a priority area for the Sumatran rhino conservation through WWF’s Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS). In addition, IUCN, WCS and WWF have identified the South Bukit Barisan as “Tiger Conservation Unit I”, the most important forest area for the conservation of tigers in the world.

Other endemic fauna that also inhabit the area are: honey bears (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), tapirs (Tapirus indicus), ungko (Hylobates agilis), siamang (H. syndactylus syndactylus), simpai (Presbytis melalophos fuscamurina), kancil (Tragulus javanicus kanchil),  and the scaled sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata).

Aside from  its fauna, the park also presents splendors in leaves and flowers. The exotic Giant Carrion Flowers or Titan Arum  (Amorphophallus titanium) and the Tall Carrion Flowers (Amorphophallus decus-silvae) are among the largest flowers existing on earth.

The height of the Amorphophallus decus-silvae has been recorded to reach over 2 meters tall. Generally confused with the Carrion Flowers, the Rafflesia flowers (Rafflesia arnoldii) are also found in certain areas of the park.

The Rafflesia flower is noted for producing the largest individual flower on earth, while the Titan Arum and Talipolt Palm are technically clusters of many flowers.

The national park is also home of the largest orchid known to the planet, locally popular as “Anggrek Tebu” or Sugarcane Orchid (Grammatophyllum speciosum).

Other flora in this South Bukit Barisan Park  include: pidada (Sonneratia sp.), nipah (Nypa fruticans), Sea Pines (Casuarina equisetifolia), pandan (Pandanus sp.), cempaka (Michelia champaka), meranti (Shorea sp.), mersawa (Anisoptera curtisii), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), keruing (Dipterocarpus sp.), damar (Agathis sp.), and rattan (Calamussp.)

The government is taking good care of the preservation of nature and maintaining the condition of the forest.

The environment is also well maintained.


Visiting Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers, we will witness routine community activities in unique traditional cultures. And there are special dishes and food as part of culinary tours that are delicious and yummy.

While we are within the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, we may want to visit these spots: Tampang, Blubuk, Menjukut Lake, Way Sleman, Blimbing.

In these areas, visitors can experience the true adventure of being in a real tropical forest by camping, jungle trekking, river cruising, swimming, canoeing, as well as other marine activities. Visitors can also observe the rare and exotic Rafflesia and Carrion Flowers, when in bloom.

Sukaraja Atas (Upper Sukaraja)

The area is known to be the perfect spot to observe the tall Carrion Flowers (Amorphophallus decus-silvae).


Aside from forest exploring, camping, boating, and swimming, here visitors can also enjoy relaxing thermal springs.

Kubu Perahu

Here visitors can discover an enchanting waterfall, as they explore the forest.

Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Krakatau Festival in July in Bandar Lampung and the Lake Ranau Festival in December in Oku, South Sumatra.

In this place there are also regular events or activities held every year, both national and international.


The journey to Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers is now very easy. We can enter through various modes of transportation.

The main entry point to the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is from the town of Bandarlampung, capital of Lampung Province. There are several airlines that serve flights from Jakarta to Radin Inten II Airport at Bandarlampung, including:

  • Garuda Indonesia
  • Sriwijaya Air

From Bandar Lampung you can take a bus from the Rajabasa Terminal to Kota Agung, the trip takes approximately two to three hours.

Once you are at Kota Agung, don’t forget to get a permit at the Forest Protection and Natural Conservation (PHPA) office. From Kota Agung you can go straight to the BBSNP entrance at Tampang using a boat ride provided in the harbor.

The boat trip along the coast will last between 5 to 7 hours, depending on the condition of the boat.

You can also take the Sedaya-Suwoh route although the trip will be a bit rough, since the roads are not fully asphalted. From Kota Agung take a Minibus headed to Sedaya. From Sedaya the only transportation available to Suwoh are motorbike taxies or “ojek”.

Bear in mind that you can take this route during the dry season only. Alternately, from Sedaya you can also take an Ojek (motorcycle taxi)  to Sukaraja Atas, which is another entrance.

The condition of the infrastructure is getting better. Starting from highways, airports, trails, ports, bridges, stairs, even some places can be reached by toll roads.

We can visit by plane, car, ship, bus, motorcycle and bicycle. At some point, we can take the train. We can also walk freely.


In Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers, as technology getting better. We can easily find locations for mini markets, shops (warung kedai), Money Changer, ATMs, Bank BRI BCA BNI Mandiri, BTPN Bank Nagari BJB, supermarkets, and restaurants. So we will not starve or lack the necessary items.

Suggestion Before Visiting:

  • Best time of year to visit: January to August.
  • Temperature: 20° – 28° C
  • Rainfall: 1,000 – 4,000 mm/year
  • Altitude: 0 – 1,964 m asl.
  • Geographical location: 103°23′ – 104°43′ E; 4°33′ – 5°57′ S

If you are sick and need help, you can also visit clinics, drugstore pharmacies (apotek), practice doctors, hospitals, and health centers (puskesmas).

In this place we can also look for places of worship such as mosques, churches, and others.


Finding place to stay in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers is very easy. We can stay at home stays, hotels, inns, hostels and other places.

To get lodging at a cheap and definitely comfortable price, please see below:

Experience and Reviews

There are already many visitors have visited Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park The Home of Sumatran Tigers, there are many interesting stories that are told. Like feeling satisfied, happy, wanting to come again, sleep well, and almost no one is disappointed or complains to come here.

So, visitors will find out on how to find the best hotels, where is exactly located, why it is amazing, how much is the fare and rate, who are the people, whom to ask, and when is the best time to visit.

We can visit these tourist attractions from Tanjung Pinang, Tanjung Redep, Tanjung Selor, Tapak Tuan, Tarakan, Tarutung, Tasikmalaya, Muara Bungo, Muara Enim, Muara Teweh, Muaro Sijunjung, Muntilan, Nabire, Negara, Nganjuk,

That’s all the information we provided, hopefully useful.

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