Kerinci Seblat National Park

Location: West Sumatra Province, Jambi Province, Bengkulu Province, and South Sumatra Province

Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) is a natural conservation area. This one and half million hectare area is located in four provinces; West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. In West Sumatra, it covers some 260,000 hectares and is located in Pesisir Selatan and Solok districts.

Types of flora protected in TNKS include Kantung Semar (Nephents Ampularia), orchids, and tropical trees among others.  Types of fauna protected include Sumatran Tigers, bears, deer, various primates and birds among others.

Types of endemic primates protected in TNKS include Simpai, Ungkou, Siamang (Symphanlangus Syndactylus), monkeys, and long tail monkeys among others. Types of birds protected include Rangkong, Tohtor and Kuau birds and eagles among others. Most of these fauna are endangered species.

TNKS area in Lumpo Resort has a waterfall called Air Terjun Lumpo which consists of three levels with the highest level of about 80 meters high. From Limau Gadang village border, it will take four to five hours to travel 7 kilometers to the waterfall. Bukit Bontak and Mount Kerinci are located in Solok Selatan.  Besides trekking, this protected forest area can also be used for camping.

TNKS is a special tourist destination. Meaning, TNKS is the right place for nature lovers who love to trek across thick forest. Trekking must be accompanied by rangers assigned to each resort station. If you like to stay overnight, visitors can also be accompanied by at least one local inhabitant assigned to carry tents and cooking tools.

TNKS is a difficult area due to its nearly 90 degree slopes, mud and small rivers with stones.

Interesting locations and attractions:

Mount Kerinci: mountain climbing and camping. At 3,805 m asl., this is the highest volcano in Indonesia, and is still active.
Gunung Tujuh Lake: beautiful views and a chance to observe animals. Surrounded by seven mountains, this is the highest volcanic lake in Sumatra (2,000 m asl.), with a total area of 1,000 hectares.
Napal Licin and Kasah Caves: a cave complex, rich in stalactites and stalagmites.
Solar, Nguak and Kunyit Caves: jets of crystal-clear water from thermal springs can reach up to 15 metres in height; it is also a good location for observing animals.
Letter W: rafflesia and carrion flowers, and Sumatran rabbits.
Ladeh Panjang Lake: research location and animal observation.


The easiest access to TNKS in West Sumatra is from Painan, Pesisir Selatan district, or Solok Selatan. From Minangkabau international airport in Padang, visitors must go to Padang first and continue their journey to Painan by rented car or arranged travel by an agent for about Rp 40,000 to Rp50,000. In Painan, visitors must first report at the Office of Lumpo Resort, which is located behind Painan bus station and the market, and bring along the Entry permit to a Conservation Area (SIMAKSI) from the Central Office of the Management of National Park II (PTN II) in Padang.

Alternative accesses:

  • From Padang to Tapan – Sungai Penuh; 7-8 hours by car (278 km);
  • From Padang to Muara Labuh to Kersik Tuo; 5-6 hours by car (211 km)
  • From Jambi to Sarko to Sungai Penuh; 9-10 hours by car (500 km),
  • From Bengkulu to Tapan to Sungai Penuh; 8-9 hours by car (417 km).


Best time of year to visit: January to October.

Temperature: 7° – 28° C
Rainfall: 3,000 mm/year (on average)
Altitude: 500 – 3,805 m asl.
Geographical location: 100°31′ – 102°44′ E; 1°17′ – 3°36′ S

Source: The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, and The Ministry of Forestry, Republic Indonesia

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